The Singing Gorilla: Understanding Animal Intelligence
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It is too interesting and well-written to be ignored.
"Animal intelligence is a subject which has long occupied scientists. Pavlov's famous experiments 'proved'that dogs negotiate the world purely on instinct because they salivate automatically at the ring of a bell associated with food. What Pavlov omitted to note was that humans will do the same. So where, if anywhere, does the difference lie?"
This approach generally has the aim to avoid the following question: if animals are intelligent, if they have feelings, how can we justify using them the way we are?